Earthquake Prevention Awareness
Even with all the destruction the Tohoku Earthquake and tsunami left behind, the damage and casulaties could have been much worse, this was avoided by the Earthquake prevention guidelines followed strictly by the Japanese people. For years and years the people in Japan have been preparing to deal with major earthquakes (granted that they perhaps were not ready for the magnitude of the Great East Japan Earthquake).
Scientists are continuously thinking of ways to try and reduce earthquake power. Some are trying to lessen the friction between colliding plates. They poured water down a fault where two plates were grinding together. The water "lubricated" the fault, letting one piece jerk free with a number of little earthquakes and preventing a large tremor.
Special instruments are now in existence to give warnings in California, Japan, and New Zealand. They show if land has begun to shift dangerously on a certain side of a fault. Other instruments are used to detect certain gases collecting in groundwater.
Architects are also designing earthquake-proof buildings, constructing on rock instead of gravel, or on soft sand or clay. Large structures are made with strong frameworks of steel or reinforced concrete, so that the frame stands firm even if the ground is shaking.
Researchers are always trying to reduce the impact of earthquakes. They continue to study and experiment with ways to tame the Earth. However, we all still have much more to learn before we can control their power.
After a major disaster the usual services we take for granted, such as running water, refrigeration, and telephones, may be unavailable. Experts recommend that you should be prepared to be self-sufficient for at least three days. Store your household disaster kit in an easily accessible location. Put contents in a large, watertight container (e.g. a large plastic garbage can with a lid and wheels) that you can move easily.
Your basic emergency kit should include: Water – one gallon per person per day, Food – ready to eat or requiring minimal water, Manual can opener and other cooking supplies, Plates, utensils and other feeding supplies, First Aid kit & instructions, A copy of important documents & phone numbers, Warm clothes and rain gear for each family member, Personal hygiene items including toilet paper, feminine supplies, hand sanitizer and soap, Plastic sheeting, duct tape and utility knife for covering broken windows, Copy of health insurance and identification cards, Extra prescription eye glasses, hearing aid or other vital personal items and Prescription medications and first aid supplies.
Follow the authorities' instructions of what to do in case of an Earthquake. Keep in mind that many of the casualties of the Tohoku Earthquake were people who lost control and panicked, forgetting to act accordingly in such circumstances.